Bí ẩn về 7 loài động vật sống dai nhất quả đất


Theo tính toán của các nhà khoa học, đa số các loài động vật trên Trái đất tồn tại trong toàn bộ cuộc đời chỉ dừng lại chỉ một hoặc hai con số. Tuy nhiên, những cái tên sau đều có tuổi thọ hàng trăm năm.

1. Sò biển Ming


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Đây là động vật được xác định là sống lâu nhất thế giới hiện nay với tuổi thọ lên đến 507 tuổi. “Cụ sò” này được tìm thấy ngoài khơi bờ biển Iceland vào năm 2006, có tên khoa học là Arctica islandica.

Đáng lẽ, “cụ sò” này vẫn chưa chết, tuy nhiên trong quá trình đưa lên bờ, các nhà khoa học đã vô tình “tước” đi mạng sống của “cụ” bằng việc để trong tủ lạnh và mở vỏ để kiểm tra.

Ban đầu, các nhà khoa học cho biết tuổi thọ của sò biển Ming là 400 tuổi, tuy nhiên sau khi xác định lại, con số 507 mới là chính xác.

2. Cá voi Great-Great-Grand

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Cụ cá voi thuộc giống cá bowhead được phát hiện trong một cuộc săn bắt cá voi của cư dân Eskimos. Cuộc săn bắt này có giấy phép và được kiểm soát bởi Ủy ban Cá voi Quốc tế (International Whaling Commission).

Theo xác nhận của các nhà khoa học sau khi khám nghiệm tử thi, “cụ cá” này đã có tuổi đời 130 năm. Đặc biệt, khi mổ cơ thể, họ đã phát hiện được một mũi dao có niên đại hơn 100 năm, được sản xuất tại một xưởng cơ khí từ năm 1880.

Theo các chuyên gia, giống cá voi bowhead có thể sống đến 200 năm do quá trình trao đổi chất của loài cá này khá chậm. Đây là một cách để thích nghi với môi trường Bắc cực lạnh giá.

3. Cá chép Koi (Golden Oldie Fish)

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Golden Oldie Fish là loài cá chép koi, có nguồn gốc tại Trung Quốc nhưng được nuôi phổ biến ở Nhật Bản. Năm 1977, một “cụ cá” koi được phát hiện có tên là Hanako có tuổi đời lên tới 227 tuổi. Các nhà khoa học đã kết luận điều này thông qua thẩm định lớp vảy với cách xác định tương tự vân gỗ.

Loài cá này hiện tại cũng cực kì quý hiếm, có giá bán lên tới hàng ngàn USD. Thông thường, Golden Oldie Fish sống khoảng 47 năm.

4. Hải âu Wisdom (Bird Named Wisdom)

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Loài Hải âu này bắt đầu làm mẹ ở độ tuổi 62 và đây là bà mẹ già nhất trong thế giới loài chim. Năm 2012, “bà mẹ già” này sinh đứa con thứ 35.

Một số loài chim khác cũng có độ tuổi khá lớn như hạc trắng Syberia có tuổi thọ 82 tuổi, vẹt nuôi nhốt có thể sống lên tới 80 tuổi…

5. Động vật đi chậm

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Những động vật có thói quen di chuyển “chậm và chắc” như rùa, đồi mồi… có tuổi thọ khá lớn. Một số ví dụ như Thomas – cụ đồi mồi lớn tuổi nhất Vương quốc Anh, sống 130 năm và chết do bị cắn (bị nhiễm trùng), Tu’i Malila ở đảo Tonga Island chết lúc 188 tuổi, Adwaita từ Ấn Độ có tuổi thọ 150 – 250 năm, qua đời năm 2006, rùa Harriet, còn có tên “rùa của Darwin” sống đến 176 tuổi, qua đời vào năm 2006 tại vườn thú Queensland ở Australia.

6. Sứa bất tử (Immortal Jellies)

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Như cái tên, loài sứa này gần như là không chết bởi chúng luôn tự “refresh” bản thân, biến đổi ngược chu kì lão hóa theo vòng tròn ấu thơ – trưởng thành – già lão và gần như không bao giờ chết.

Sứa bất từ được phát hiện vào năm 1880 tại vùng Địa Trung Hải.

7. Tôm hùm khổng lồ George

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Cụ tôm này có tuổi thọ lên đến 140 tuổi. “Cụ” đã từng bị rơi vào tay một nhà hàng hải sản nhưng sau đó được một tổ chức động vật ở Mỹ cứu thoát.


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