Mỹ: Thuốc lá sắp tới sẽ có thể có cực ít nicotine để không gây nghiện

Mỹ: Thuốc lá sắp tới sẽ có thể có cực ít nicotine để không gây nghiện


Cục Quản lý Dược phẩm và Thực phẩm Mỹ (FDA) vừa công bố một kế hoạch xem xét giảm lượng nicotine trong thuốc lá để hạn chế tình trạng nghiện thuốc trong giới trẻ hiện nay.

Theo Fortune, trong một báo cáo vào ngày 28/7 vừa qua, FDA cho biết là họ có kế hoạch “bắt đầu một cuộc đối thoại công khai về việc giảm lượng nicotine trong thuốc lá xuống mức không gây nghiện”.

“Bởi vì 90% người hút thuốc lá trưởng thành đã bắt đầu hút thuốc từ trước khi đủ 18 tuổi và mỗi ngày có gần 2.500 thiếu niên tập hút điếu thuốc đầu tiên tại Mỹ, hạ thấp mức độ nicotine xuống có thể giúp giảm tỉ lệ nghiện hút thuốc lá trong các thế hệ tương lai và cho phép nhiều người bỏ được thuốc lá”, FDA cho biết.

Mỹ: Thuốc lá sắp tới sẽ có thể có cực ít nicotine để không gây nghiện
Hạ thấp mức độ nicotine xuống có thể giúp giảm tỉ lệ nghiện hút thuốc lá trong các thế hệ tương lai.

Việc sử dụng thuốc lá có liên quan tới 480.000 cái chết hàng năm tại Mỹ. Theo FDA, chi phí chăm sóc sức khỏe và chi phí mất năng suất lao động do thuốc lá đã lên tới gần 300 tỷ USD mỗi năm.

“Có một số lượng đáng kể những cái chết và bệnh tật liên quan tới nghiện thuốc lá, sản phẩm hợp pháp duy nhất có thể giết chết một nửa những người sử dụng trong thời gian dài”, Scott Gottlieb, ủy viên của FDA cho biết, “Trừ khi chúng ta có sự thay đổi, 5,6 triệu người trẻ đang sống hiện nay có thể bị chết sớm do sử dụng thuốc lá”.

Ngay sau thông báo của FDA, giá cổ phiếu của các công ty thuốc lá lớn tại Mỹ như Big Tobacco, Altria Group, British American Tobacco và Philip Morris đều đã bị giảm mạnh.

Tuy nhiên, các nhà sản xuất thuốc lá điện tử lại cảm thấy may mắn trước thông báo này vì sản phẩm của họ có lượng nicotine thấp hơn nhiều so với thuốc lá truyền thống. FDA cho biết cần một vài năm nữa để yêu cầu các nhà sản xuất thuốc lá và thuốc lá điện tử phải có chứng nhận của cơ quan nhà nước cho những sản phẩm đã được đưa ra thị trường từ sau tháng 2/2007.


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