Nga đau đầu với chương trình không gian

Nga đau đầu với chương trình không gian


Sau nhiều thất bại liên tiếp, mà mới nhất là vụ phóng tàu tên lửa Soyuz 2-1b, nhiều dấu hỏi được đặt ra với chương trình không gian của Nga.


Báo Anh The Independent mới đây cho biết thủ tướng Nga thất vọng toàn tập về kết quả hoạt động của ngành công nghiệp không gian nước này sau nhiều thất bại liên tiếp, mà mới nhất là vụ phóng tàu tên lửa Soyuz 2-1b.

Thủ tướng Nga Dmitry Medvedev tại cuộc họp nội các vào đầu tuần này đã đưa ra những đánh giá thậm tệ về công việc của ông Dmitry Rogozin, phó thủ tướng phụ trách công nghiệp quốc phòng.
Thất bại thứ 10

“Dmitry Rogozin, tôi hi vọng ông hiểu mức độ nghiêm trọng của vấn đề này” – ông Medvedev nói thẳng tại cuộc họp nội các.

Các cuộc phóng tàu tên lửa thất bại đã “trở thành những vấn đề lặp đi lặp lại” ở xứ sở bạch dương mà mới nhất là vụ phóng tàu tên lửa Soyuz 2-1b không thành công ngày 28/11.

Phó thủ tướng Rogozin, người chịu trách nhiệm về chương trình không gian của Nga từ cuối năm 2011, đã trở thành tấm bia cho những lời chỉ trích.

Sự cố tàu tên lửa Soyuz 2-1b là vụ thứ 10 xảy ra dưới trào của ông và nó là lời cảnh báo rằng ngành công nghiệp không gian của Nga có thể chỉ cách nguy cơ sụp đổ một quãng ngắn.

Một giờ sau khi phóng tàu tên lửa Soyuz 2-1b, mọi thứ vẫn bình thường. Đây mới chỉ là lần phóng thứ hai tại căn cứ mới – Vostochny ở vùng Viễn Đông nước Nga và các nhân viên đang trong tâm trạng phấn chấn như trong mùa lễ hội.

Nga đau đầu với chương trình không gian

Tên lửa Soyuz 2-1b được phóng lên quỹ đạo ngày 28/11 nhưng đã rơi xuống Đại Tây Dương – (Ảnh: Reuters).

Tàu tên lửa Soyuz 2-1b sử dụng hệ thống đẩy Fregat và mang theo 18 vệ tinh, trong đó có vệ tinh của một số nước khác gửi theo con tàu được cho là vận hành tốt và đáng tin cậy. Con tàu tên lửa này là thế hệ sau của tàu vũ trụ đã đưa Yuri Gagarin vào không gian năm 1961 và đã được cải tiến hàng ngàn lần kể từ đó.

Tàu được phóng lúc 8h45 sáng 28/11, giờ Matxcơva, và ba giờ sau Tập đoàn Roscosmos Nga xác nhận có “bất thường”. Trong một tuyên bố, họ cho biết đã mất liên lạc với tàu tên lửa. Sau đó không lâu, một báo cáo cho hay nó đã rơi xuống Đại Tây Dương.

Truyền thông Nga suy đoán có thể hệ thống đẩy Fregat đã góp phần gửi con tàu đi sai quỹ đạo, và cũng có thể là do lỗi của con người trong việc lập trình đường đi của con tàu. Một giả thuyết khác cho rằng con tàu đã được phóng từ một trạm không gian mới, và sự kết hợp của ba yếu tố này đã dẫn đến thất bại.

Tuy nhiên, Pavel Luzin, một chuyên gia trong lĩnh vực vũ trụ và công nghiệp quốc phòng của Đại học Perm State, phản biện rằng những sự cố trước đây thường do lỗi của các bộ phận trên con tàu. Lỗi của chương trình bay ít có khả năng xảy ra hơn.

Tương tự, Aleksandr Zheleznyakov, một chuyên gia về thiết kế và sản xuất tàu tên lửa và hệ thống không gian, nói với The Independent rằng sự cố gợi ra vấn đề yếu kém về chất lượng trong việc sản xuất các bộ phận của tàu tên lửa.

Khủng hoảng có hệ thống

Một ban điều tra do chính phủ thành lập dự kiến đưa ra kết luận trong vòng hai tuần để trả lời chính phủ cũng như những nước đã gửi vệ tinh kèm theo con tàu.

Trong khi chờ đợi, một cuộc tranh luận tiếp tục diễn ra về việc liệu ngành công nghiệp vũ trụ đang gặp khó khăn của Nga có thể sống sót sau thất bại mới nhất, hoặc liệu nó có nên tiếp tục phóng tàu tên lửa.

Theo CNN, trong những năm gần đây, sự tự tin đối với chương trình không gian của Nga đã suy giảm vì những thất bại liên tiếp.

Tháng 4/2015, các nhân viên mặt đất Nga đã mất quyền kiểm soát con tàu vũ trụ không người lái trong một sứ mệnh tiếp tế cho Trạm không gian quốc tế. Con tàu 30 triệu USD đã kết thúc sứ mạng của nó ở Đại Tây Dương.

Tháng 5/2015, một tàu tên lửa Nga mang theo một vệ tinh của Mexico đã gặp sự cố ngay khi vừa được phóng và nổ ở Seberia, khiến dư luận nghi ngờ về độ tin cậy của chương trình không gian Nga. Một số công ty có nhu cầu gửi vệ tinh thương mại vào không gian đã đi tìm đối tác khác.

Ngành không gian là ưu tiên của Chính phủ Nga. Rất nhiều tiền đang được rót vào lĩnh vực này. Trong năm 2017, Nga sẽ chi tiêu một khoản kỷ lục 170 tỉ rúp cho không gian (2,87 tỉ USD).

Tuy nhiên, theo CNN, tiền nhiều cũng là mồi thơm cho những quan chức tham nhũng. Riêng trong năm 2014, Cơ quan không gian liên bang Roscosmos đã thừa nhận vi phạm tài chính 92 tỉ rúp, tương đương 1,8 tỉ USD.

Chạy đua chinh phục không gian

Theo AP, ngày 4/10/1957, Liên Xô lần đầu tiên phóng vệ tinh nhân tạo mang tên Sputnik vào quỹ đạo của Trái đất. Vệ tinh Sputnik khi đó chỉ là một vệ tinh cao 58cm và nặng 84kg có thể truyền tín hiệu vô tuyến về mặt đất. Năm 2017 đánh dấu 60 năm hình thành chương trình này.

Chương trình không gian là sản phẩm ra đời từ những cạnh tranh và căng thẳng giữa Mỹ và Liên Xô mà đỉnh cao là thời kỳ Chiến tranh lạnh sau cuộc Chiến tranh thế giới thứ 2. Cuộc đua vào không gian được cho là kết thúc với sự kiện tàu Apollo 11 của Mỹ chở Neil Armstrong và Buzz Aldrin đáp xuống Mặt trăng năm 1969.


Bình luận

Email của bạn sẽ không được hiển thị công khai.

  1. Yesterday, while I was at work, my sister stole my apple ipad and tested to see if it can survive a twenty five foot drop, just so she can be a youtube sensation. My iPad is now destroyed and she has 83 views. I know this is completely off topic but I had to share it with someone!

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qkJGEy0lFCw&feature=youtube_gdata

  2. Wow! Thank you! I always wanted to write on my blog something like that. Can I implement a portion of your post to my site?

    https://genius.com/nodesofa8

  3. I have been exploring for a bit for any high-quality articles or blog posts in this sort of house . Exploring in Yahoo I finally stumbled upon this site. Reading this info So i am glad to express that I have an incredibly excellent uncanny feeling I discovered exactly what I needed. I so much indisputably will make certain to don’t overlook this site and provides it a glance regularly.

    http://www.associazionehombre.it/index.php?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=2163045

  4. I think this is one of the most significant information for me. And i’m glad reading your article. But want to remark on some general things, The website style is wonderful, the articles is really excellent : D. Good job, cheers

    http://macymcadoo.org/index.php?title=How_to_install_Office_2019_Toolkit

  5. My husband and i were now satisfied Jordan could finish up his preliminary research while using the precious recommendations he received from your own web pages. It’s not at all simplistic to just happen to be handing out helpful tips people today have been selling. And now we do know we need the website owner to be grateful to for that. The type of explanations you’ve made, the simple web site menu, the friendships you will help foster – it is everything excellent, and it’s facilitating our son in addition to the family recognize that the topic is entertaining, and that is wonderfully serious. Thanks for the whole lot!

    http://fzk66.com/home.php?mod=space&uid=384703

  6. I haven’t checked in here for a while since I thought it was getting boring, but the last several posts are great quality so I guess I’ll add you back to my everyday bloglist. You deserve it my friend 🙂

    http://wikidiversity.org/index.php?title=Office_Pro_Plus_2019

  7. Whoa! This blog looks just like my old one! It’s on a totally different topic but it has pretty much the same layout and design. Excellent choice of colors!

    https://bostonmovingstoragecrewnews.webgarden.at/kategorien/bostonmovingstoragecrewnews-s/lengthy-range-moving-tips-that

  8. You are so cool! I do not think I’ve read something like this before. So good to discover someone with unique thoughts on this topic. Seriously.. many thanks for starting this up. This site is one thing that is needed on the internet, someone with some originality!

    http://sigha.tuna.be/exlink.php?url=http://edgaryzwv498.iamarrows.com/how-to-outsmart-your-peers-on-bucheonchuljangmasaji

  9. I’m curious to find out what blog platform you’re working with? I’m having some small security problems with my latest website and I would like to find something more risk-free. Do you have any suggestions?

    http://www.johnsonclassifieds.com/user/profile/3224383

  10. There are some interesting points in time in this article however I don’t know if I see all of them heart to heart. There may be some validity however I will take maintain opinion until I look into it further. Good article , thanks and we want extra! Added to FeedBurner as properly

    http://wiki.uc.ac.id/index.php?title=Visio_2016_Pro

  11. I appreciate, cause I found just what I was looking for. You’ve ended my 4 day long hunt! God Bless you man. Have a great day. Bye

    http://www.groovyfreeads.com/user/profile/290542

  12. I’ve read a few good stuff here. Certainly worth bookmarking for revisiting. I wonder how much effort you put to create such a magnificent informative site.

    https://www.funnycat.tv/video/boston-MA-to-dc-movers-marathon-moving/qkJGEy0lFCw

  13. It’s a pity you don’t have a donate button! I’d certainly donate to this excellent blog! I suppose for now i’ll settle for bookmarking and adding your RSS feed to my Google account. I look forward to new updates and will talk about this blog with my Facebook group. Talk soon!

    http://vpi3pl.com/index.php?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=2056021

  14. An impressive share, I simply given this onto a colleague who was doing just a little evaluation on this. And he actually bought me breakfast as a result of I discovered it for him.. smile. So let me reword that: Thnx for the treat! But yeah Thnkx for spending the time to discuss this, I feel strongly about it and love studying extra on this topic. If attainable, as you become expertise, would you thoughts updating your weblog with extra details? It is highly useful for me. Huge thumb up for this weblog put up!

    http://beloter.com/index.php?qa=user&qa_1=whitesecond1

  15. Thank you for another informative web site. Where else could I get that type of info written in such an ideal way? I have a project that I’m just now working on, and I’ve been on the look out for such information.

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0cCrF4ZgGbE&feature=share

  16. Hi my friend! I want to say that this post is awesome, nice written and include almost all vital infos. I’d like to see extra posts like this .

    https://postheaven.net/angerbottle2/how-to-buy-windows-10-professional-oem-product-key-at-cheap-cost

  17. As a Newbie, I am always exploring online for articles that can be of assistance to me. Thank you

    http://xn—-7sbabfv5bqnrfohr3ihg.xn--p1ai/user/marginspoon5/

  18. What i don’t realize is in fact how you’re now not actually a lot more well-favored than you may be right now. You are very intelligent. You already know thus significantly with regards to this topic, made me personally believe it from so many varied angles. Its like women and men aren’t fascinated until it is something to accomplish with Girl gaga! Your personal stuffs nice. At all times deal with it up!

    https://images.google.iq/url?q=https://www.multimediaireland.com/what-is-search-engine-optimization/

  19. naturally like your web-site but you need to check the spelling on quite a few of your posts. Several of them are rife with spelling issues and I find it very bothersome to tell the truth nevertheless I’ll definitely come back again.

    https://showdream.org/user/stemmine0/

  20. Oh my goodness! a tremendous article dude. Thanks Nevertheless I am experiencing concern with ur rss . Don抰 know why Unable to subscribe to it. Is there anybody getting similar rss drawback? Anyone who knows kindly respond. Thnkx

    https://www.blurb.com/user/hydrojet4621

  21. You completed various good points there. I did a search on the matter and found the majority of persons will consent with your blog.

    https://purnima-valiathan.com/members/octavecard1/activity/230373/

  22. Its such as you learn my mind! You appear to grasp so much about this, like you wrote the guide in it or something. I believe that you just can do with a few p.c. to drive the message house a little bit, but instead of that, that is fantastic blog. A fantastic read. I will certainly be back.

    https://www.allrecipes.com/cook/28739669/

  23. There are some attention-grabbing points in time in this article but I don’t know if I see all of them middle to heart. There’s some validity but I’ll take hold opinion until I look into it further. Good article , thanks and we wish extra! Added to FeedBurner as properly

    https://list.ly/dunlapcurrin56azrdka

  24. When I originally commented I clicked the “Notify me when new comments are added” checkbox and now each time a comment is added I get three e-mails with the same comment. Is there any way you can remove people from that service? Appreciate it!

    https://betwin88.co/bw/profile.php?section=personality&id=130394

  25. you may have an incredible blog right here! would you like to make some invite posts on my blog?

    https://devpost.com/lindemccartney68arqfuj

  26. This design is incredible! You definitely know how to keep a reader entertained. Between your wit and your videos, I was almost moved to start my own blog (well, almost…HaHa!) Wonderful job. I really enjoyed what you had to say, and more than that, how you presented it. Too cool!

    http://polimentosroberto.com.br/index.php?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=1644034

  27. Pretty component of content. I simply stumbled upon your web site and in accession capital to claim that I acquire in fact loved account your weblog posts. Anyway I’ll be subscribing in your feeds and even I achievement you get admission to constantly fast.

    https://viewlinen42.doodlekit.com/blog/entry/12292454/how-to-buy-windows-7-online

  28. The very next time I read a blog, I hope that it won’t disappoint me just as much as this particular one. After all, I know it was my choice to read through, but I genuinely believed you would probably have something interesting to say. All I hear is a bunch of crying about something that you could fix if you weren’t too busy searching for attention.

    http://www.bausch.in/en-in/redirect/?url=http://zaneeixf004.theburnward.com/10-facts-about-suwonchuljang-anma-that-will-instantly-put-you-in-a-good-mood

  29. Thanks a lot for sharing this with all of us you actually know what you are talking about! Bookmarked. Please also visit my site =). We could have a link exchange contract between us!

    https://blip.fm/tacticalstaff9228

  30. Hi! This post couldn’t be written any better! Reading through this post reminds me of my previous room mate! He always kept talking about this. I will forward this article to him. Fairly certain he will have a good read. Many thanks for sharing!

    https://www.indiegogo.com/individuals/25483138

  31. Thank you for another informative website. Where else could I get that type of information written in such an ideal way? I have a project that I am just now working on, and I have been on the look out for such info.

    https://birchrecord9.page.tl/Moving-From-The-Crib-To-A-Bed–k1-With-Twins-k2-.htm?forceVersion=desktop

  32. Wow! Thank you! I continuously wanted to write on my website something like that. Can I implement a portion of your post to my site?

    https://letterboxd.com/ketquamoinhat/

  33. Excellent goods from you, man. I’ve have in mind your stuff prior to and you are just extremely fantastic. I really like what you have obtained here, certainly like what you are stating and the best way during which you assert it. You make it enjoyable and you still take care of to stay it sensible. I can’t wait to read much more from you. This is actually a wonderful website.

    http://cse.google.az/url?q=https://www.win10productkey.com

  34. I have been exploring for a bit for any high-quality articles or blog posts on this kind of area . Exploring in Yahoo I at last stumbled upon this website. Reading this info So i am happy to convey that I have a very good uncanny feeling I discovered exactly what I needed. I most certainly will make certain to do not forget this website and give it a glance on a constant basis.

    https://chart.googleapis.com/chart?chs=150×150&cht=qr&chl=https://www.aussiepestservices.com.au/?brisbane

  35. naturally like your web site but you need to check the spelling on quite a few of your posts. A number of them are rife with spelling issues and I find it very bothersome to tell the truth however I’ll certainly come again again.

    http://marketemail.com/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=www.amazon.com/Pure-Berberine-1000mg-Pharmaceutical-Cardiovascular/dp/B08Q35QBHL

  36. Its like you read my mind! You appear to know a lot about this, like you wrote the book in it or something. I think that you can do with a few pics to drive the message home a little bit, but instead of that, this is excellent blog. An excellent read. I will certainly be back.

    http://www.die-matheseite.de/url?q=https://www.amazon.com/Wild-Willies-Cool-Mint-Beard/dp/B017JIWRE2

  37. Very great post. I just stumbled upon your weblog and wished to say that I’ve truly loved browsing your blog posts. After all I’ll be subscribing for your feed and I’m hoping you write again very soon!

    https://images.google.je/url?q=https://topvnbet.com/w88top/

  38. My developer is trying to persuade me to move to .net from PHP. I have always disliked the idea because of the expenses. But he’s tryiong none the less. I’ve been using WordPress on a variety of websites for about a year and am nervous about switching to another platform. I have heard fantastic things about blogengine.net. Is there a way I can import all my wordpress posts into it? Any kind of help would be really appreciated!

    http://images.google.com.pe/url?q=https://twitter.com/clipsitnet

  39. It’s a pity you don’t have a donate button! I’d certainly donate to this excellent blog! I suppose for now i’ll settle for book-marking and adding your RSS feed to my Google account. I look forward to brand new updates and will share this site with my Facebook group. Chat soon!

    http://images.google.co.ma/url?q=https://twitter.com/clipsitnet

  40. Please let me know if you’re looking for a author for your weblog. You have some really great articles and I think I would be a good asset. If you ever want to take some of the load off, I’d really like to write some content for your blog in exchange for a link back to mine. Please send me an email if interested. Cheers!

    http://cse.google.com.ly/url?q=http://wearegeneralnews.com

  41. Its like you read my mind! You appear to know a lot about this, like you wrote the book in it or something. I think that you can do with some pics to drive the message home a bit, but other than that, this is great blog. A fantastic read. I will definitely be back.

    https://google.co.cr/url?q=https://www.amazon.com/Pure-Berberine-1000mg-Pharmaceutical-Cardiovascular/dp/B08Q35QBHL

  42. Hello.This article was really motivating, particularly because I was investigating for thoughts on this issue last week.

    https://www.gogle.com/tesuw/3895/

  43. Fabulous, what a blog it is! This blog provides valuable information to us, keep it up.|

    http://www.X7wFVYZgcs.com/X7wFVYZgcs

  44. You made some clear points there. I looked on the internet for the subject and found most persons will go along with with your blog.

    http://www.zortilonrel.com/

  45. Prepare to find out a great deal about camping out! A camping out vacation is an excellent chance to share a journey with the family. As you definitely prefer to optimize your camping expertise, read on for a number of ideas. A great product to set with your outdoor camping back pack when moving in the rear land can be a Ziploc handbag filled up with clothes dryer lint. There is absolutely no greater fire beginning fabric than clothes dryer lint. It can carry a spark and acquire your blaze moving quickly and efficiently. Clothes dryer lint occupies almost no room in your load up and it is really very light. You should keep your cleanliness although camping out. Good health is difficult if you are camping outdoors at times, but you can keep oneself thoroughly clean. A package of hands sanitizer is fantastic to possess in order to thoroughly clean palms just before consuming. Also you can use rubbing alcoholic drinks on areas of the body which are not delicate. A light biodegradable detergent plus a sponge can be used to take little-bathing when h2o resources are reduced. Ask a park ranger or a trip guideline to let you know about all of the locations to consider while you are outdoor camping. This is an excellent idea so that you know you are receiving the most from your camping practical experience, you don’t would like to go on a outdoor camping vacation and neglect an exciting expertise. Ensure you pre-plan your option prior to your vacation. Look to see if you will find any unique areas that one could stop at as you go along. It will make the push much more enjoyable and you may have a lot of fun during this process. Of course, you may need to reach your vacation spot swiftly, but when you have time, using the spectacular course makes it worth while. As you have read from your over post, camping out is a great way to spend calming time outdoors. By simply following the ideas specified, you will certainly be prepared for the majority of of the things mother nature has got to chuck at you. Even that abrupt downpour won’t reduce your spirits or damage the specific time you experienced arranged so desperately for.

    http://www.X7wFVYZgcs.com/X7wFVYZgcs

  46. Hello There. I found your blog using msn. This is avery well written article. I will be sure to bookmarkit and come back to read more of your useful information.Thanks for the post. I will definitely return.

    http://www.dlllejkk.edu